UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims and Mains Exam 2021: Are you searching for Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2021? This article is all about the UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam syllabus 2021 & Exam Pattern.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Exam Overview
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Exam Syllabus is divided into three categories, namely Preliminary, Mains and Interview.
The Preliminary syllabus is mainly designed to assess a candidate’s comprehension of current affairs and aptitude within the stipulated time. The preliminary paper is a compulsory and qualifying paper.
The Mains syllabus is basically designed to judge a candidate’s academic expertise in his/her specialized subject. The syllabus also focuses on testing aspirants’ ability to present knowledge in a clear and coherent manner.
The main examination has 9 papers and the syllabus is designed according to the subjects specified. The Preliminary and Mains syllabus is designed for the written test. Candidates, who emerge successful in the Preliminary and Main examination, can appear for the interview.
UPSC IAS Syllabus – UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus 2020
UPSC IAS के लिए प्रारंभिक परीक्षा में 200 अंकों के लिए 2 अनिवार्य पेपर होते हैं। प्रीलिम्स केवल स्क्रीनिंग के लिए है। पेपर 1 में स्कोर किए गए अंकों को मेन्स के लिए छात्रों का चयन करने के लिए गिना जाएगा, जबकि आपको CSAT उत्तीर्ण करना होगा, जिसमें न्यूनतम योग्यता अंक 33% निर्धारित किये गये हैं
|Paper 1||General Studies (GS)||200 marks||2 Hours|
|Paper 2||Aptitude Test||200 marks||2 Hours|
UPSC IAS Paper 1 Syllabus 2020
200 अंकों के लिए पेपर 1 में करेंट अफेयर्स, इतिहास, भूगोल, राजनीति, अर्थशास्त्र आदि के आधार पर वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रकार के बहुविकल्पीय प्रश्न होंगे। महत्वपूर्ण विषयों सहित विषय वार UPSC सिलेबस नीचे दिया गया है:
|UPSC IAS Paper 1- General Studies Syllabus|
|Current events of national and international importance||History of India and Indian National Movement|
Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India
|Indian Polity and Governance
Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
Physical, Social, Economic Geography of the World
|General issues on Environmental ecology
Bio-diversity and Climate Change
|Economic and Social Development
Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives
UPSC IAS Paper 2 Syllabus 2020
पेपर 2 केवल क्वालीफाइंग है और आपको इसे क्वालीफाई करने के लिए 33% अंक प्राप्त करने की आवश्यकता है। IAS सिलेबस का उल्लेख नीचे किया गया है। इस पेपर को क्वालिफाई करने के लिए आपको निम्न टॉपिक पढ़ने की आवश्यकता है:
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
- Decision making and problem-solving;
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
- General mental ability;
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level),
- Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc.
UPSC IAS Syllabus- UPSC IAS Mains Syllabus 2020
मेंस परीक्षा में कुल 9 पेपर के साथ सब्जेक्टिव प्रकार के प्रश्न होते हैं। 2 पेपर क्वालिफ़ाइंग हैं, जबकि 7 पेपर में प्राप्त अंकों को अंतिम मेरिट तैयार करने के लिए जोड़ा जाएगा। प्रत्येक पेपर 3 घंटे की अवधि का होगा। प्रश्न पत्र (भाषा पत्रों के साहित्य को छोड़कर) केवल हिंदी और अंग्रेजी में सेट किए जाएंगे। मेन्स परीक्षा के पेपर देखें:
|One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate||300 marks|
|Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society||250 Marks|
General Studies -II
|Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations||250 Marks|
General Studies -III
|Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management||250 Marks|
General Studies -IV
|(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)- 250 Marks||250 Marks|
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject Paper 1||250 Marks|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject Paper 2||250 Marks|
List of optional subjects for Main Examination :
(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
(vi) Civil Engineering
(vii) Commerce and Accountancy
(ix) Electrical Engineering
(xvi) Mechanical Engineering
(xvii) Medical Science
(xx) Political Science and International Relations
(xxii) Public Administration
(xxvi) The literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
PAPER-I Essay Syllabus
- उम्मीदवारों को कई टॉपिक पर निबंध लिखने की आवश्यकता हो सकती है।
- उनसे अपने विचारों को व्यवस्थित ढंग से और संक्षिप्त रूप से लिखने के लिए निबंध के विषय के करीब रखने की उम्मीद की जाएगी।
- प्रभावी और सटीक अभिव्यक्तिवादी के लिए क्रेडिट दिया जाएगा और आपको स्वयं को सीमित नहीं करना चाहिए क्योंकि दिए गए विषयों पर ध्यान केंद्रित करते हुए प्रश्न कहीं से भी पूछे जा सकते हैं।
- करंट अफेयर्स से संबंधित प्रमुख क्षेत्रों पर ध्यान केंद्रित करने वाला स्मार्ट अध्ययन UPSC IAS 2020 परीक्षा की तैयारी के दौरान एक महत्वपूर्ण बिंदु है।
PAPER-II- General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
- The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
- History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
- Effects of globalization on Indian society.
- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
- Salient features of world’s physical geography.
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
PAPER-III- General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
- Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
- Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers &
privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of
various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various
groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
- India and its neighborhood- relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
PAPER-IV- General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public
Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issue of buffer stocks. and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
- Land reforms in India.
- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
- Investment models.
- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
- Disaster and disaster management.
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
- Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
PAPER-V- General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
- This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues
relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered :
- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
- Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and
- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
- Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and
probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
- Case Studies on the above issues.
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